Kern High School District

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Kern High Activities & Athletics LCAP

BP 5144 Discipline

Kern Union HSD
Board Policy

BP 5144

The Board of Trustees believes that every student should be provided the opportunity to participate in the educational programs of the district.  In order for the students to avail themselves of this opportunity, they are expected to attend school punctually and regularly, conform to the rules and regulations of the school, obey promptly all the directions of teachers, administrators and other staff members, observe good order and propriety of deportment, be diligent in study, respectful to staff, kind and courteous to peers, and refrain from the use of profane and vulgar language.

The Board, in support of public education and the exercise of general supervision of the secondary schools of the district, believes that the conduct of students attending the high schools must establish an educational climate conducive to the furtherance of educational opportunities for youth and the promotion of learning.

The Board of Trustees is committed to providing a safe, supportive, and positive school environment which is conducive to student learning and to preparing students for responsible citizenship by fostering self-discipline and personal responsibility. The Board believes that high expectations for student behavior, use of effective school and classroom management strategies, provision of appropriate intervention and support, and parent involvement can minimize the need for disciplinary measures that exclude students from instruction as a means for correcting student misbehavior.

(cf. 5131 - Conduct)
(cf. 5131.1 - Bus Conduct)
(cf. 5131.2 - Bullying)
(cf. 5137 - Positive School Climate)
(cf. 5138 - Conflict Resolution/Peer Mediation)
(cf. 5145.9 - Hate-Motivated Behavior)
(cf. 6020 - Parent Involvement)

The Superintendent or designee shall design a complement of effective, age-appropriate strategies for maintaining a positive school climate and correcting student misbehavior at district schools. The strategies shall focus on providing students with needed supports; communicating clear, appropriate, and consistent rules, expectations, interventions, and consequences for student conduct; and ensuring equity and continuous improvement in the implementation of district discipline policies and practices.

Disciplinary measures that may result in loss of instructional time or cause students to be disengaged from school, such as detention, suspension, and expulsion, shall be imposed only as permitted by law, including but not limited to when other means of correction have been documented to have failed. (Education Code 48900.5)

(cf. 5020 - Parent Rights and Responsibilities)
(cf. 5144.1 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process)
(cf. 5144.2 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process (Students with Disabilities))
(cf. 6159.4 - Behavioral Interventions for Special Education Students)
(cf. 6164.5 - Student Success Teams)

The Superintendent or designee shall create a model discipline matrix that lists violations and the interventions and consequences for each as allowed by law.

The administrative staff at each school may develop disciplinary rules and expectations to meet the school's particular needs consistent with law, Board policy, and district regulations.

(cf. 0450 - Comprehensive Safety Plan)
(cf. 9320 - Meetings and Notices)

At all times, the safety of students and staff and the maintenance of an orderly school environment shall be priorities in determining appropriate discipline. When misconduct occurs, staff shall attempt to identify the causes of the student's behavior and implement appropriate discipline.

Staff shall enforce disciplinary rules fairly, consistently, and in accordance with the district's nondiscrimination policies.

(cf. 0410 - Nondiscrimination in District Programs and Activities)
(cf. 5145.3 - Nondiscrimination/Harassment)
(cf. 5145.7 - Sexual Harassment)

The Superintendent or designee shall provide professional development as necessary to assist staff in developing the skills needed to effectively implement the disciplinary strategies adopted for district schools, including, but not limited to, consistent school and classroom management skills, effective accountability and positive intervention techniques, and development of strong, cooperative relationships with parents/guardians.

(cf. 4131/4231/4331 - Staff Development)

District goals for improving school climate, based on suspension and expulsion rates, surveys of students, staff, and parents/guardians regarding their sense of school safety, and other local measures, shall be included in the district's local control and accountability plan, as required by law.

(cf. 0460 - Local Control and Accountability Plan)
(cf. 3100 - Budget)

At the beginning of each school year, the Superintendent or designee shall report to the Board regarding disciplinary strategies used in district schools in the immediately preceding school year.

Legal Reference:
32280-32288 School safety plans
35146 Closed sessions
35291 Rules
35291.5-35291.7 School-adopted discipline rules
37223 Weekend classes
44807.5 Restriction from recess
48900-48926 Suspension and expulsion
48980-48985 Notification of parent/guardian
49330-49335 Injurious objects
52060-52077 Local control and accountability plan
1714.1 Parental liability for child's misconduct
307 Participation in school activities until departure of bus
353 Detention after school

Management Resources:
Providing a Safe, Nondiscriminatory School Environment for Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Students, Policy Brief, February 2014
Safe Schools: Strategies for Governing Boards to Ensure Student Success, 2011
Maximizing Opportunities for Physical Activity during the School Day, Fact Sheet, 2009
Classroom Management: A California Resource Guide for Teachers and Administrators of Elementary and Secondary Schools, 2000
01-02 School Safety, Discipline, and Attendance, March 2001
Dear Colleague Letter on the Nondiscriminatory Administration of School Discipline, January 2014
California Department of Education:
Public Counsel:
U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights:

adopted: November 2, 2009 Bakersfield, California
revised: April 4, 2016